Guangdong province is rather isolated from the rest of China because of the mountainous terrain between itself and the hub of Eastern China. It has always looked South-East to the sea for its influences. Early trading contacts with the West were mainly through the capital city of Guangzhou (or Canton) and the majority of overseas Chinese are descended from people of the province. The coastal belt has very fertile alluvial soil and the rocky coastline is good for fishing. Rivalry with Hong Kong after the opening up of China has led to rapid industrialization of Guangdong in the last 30 years. For many years it has had the highest GDP of any province in China (if Hong Kong and Macau are included). New cities such as Shenzhen have been created within special development zones along the coastline.
Popular Cities: Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Shantou, Zhuhai, Dongguan, Foshan
Average temperature: Spring is about 20°C (68°F); Summer is 28°C (82°F); Autumn is 25°C (77°F); Winter is 12°C (54°F).
Places to visit
1. In Guangdong Province, cities like Guangzhou, Foshan, Zhaoqing, Shenzhen, Jiangmen, and counties like Nanhai, Zhongshan and Shunde are all ideal places for sightseeing. Among them, Guangzhou has already been listed among the first group of famous historical and cultural cities and Star Lake in Zhaoqing has come under state protection. It is also an important trading port and has many scenic spots, historical sites and revolutionary monuments.
2. Located in Boluo County of Huizhou City, Luofu Mountain is one of the ten sacred mountains of Taoism in China. Covering an area of 260 square kilometers, the scenic area boasts 432 peaks, over 980 waterfalls, fountains and 18 caves. The mountain, called “the First Mountain in south of the Five Ridges”, features numerous attractions, famous Chinese tradition medicine culture and pleasant weather throughout the year.
3. Kaiping Diaolou are fortified multi-storey towers mainly located in Kaiping They feature a unique architectural style, which combine an elegant Western style with the earthy countryside of southern China. The number of Diaolou was originally more than 3,000. Now there are 1,800 units scattered over 15 counties. They were first built in the late Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and were booming in early 1920s with the development of overseas Chinese.
4. Located in Zhaoqing City, Seven Star Crags consists of seven limestone hillocks. Standing in a lake 600 hectares in area, their layout resembles the constellation Big Dipper. In late 1997, local authorities installed 560 road lamps with 1,000-watt bulbs, 250 colored floodlights and 3,000 meters of neon tubing around the six islets and seven crags, and along the eight-kilometer-long embankment in the Seven Star Crags scenic area, making the night at the Seven Star Crags even more gorgeous.
5. Located in Renhua County of Shaoguan City, Danxia Mountain is called the “Red Stone Park of China”. It has been listed as a world natural heritage as Danxia Mountain surpasses more than 1200 places in the world found to have the Danxia landform. It has developed many scenic areas, providing numerous travel and entertainment options for tourists.
6. Popular tourist spots also include: Xinghu Lake; Mount Danxia in Renhua; Mount Dinghu in Zhaoqing; Qinghui Garden in Shunde; Pearl River Cruise; Yangjiang Kite Festival. The Conghua Hot Springs are located 50 miles [81 kms] north-east of Guangzhou has been developed into a major health spa. The water reaches 160°F (71°C) in one of the eleven hot springs.