Hubei has a long history and magnificent culture, lying in the heart of China and forming a part of the middle basin of the Yangtze River, and rather like neighboring Henan it marks the transition from mountains in the West to low fertile coastal plain in the East. It has always been an important province and the capital Wuhan is a large bustling city at an important bridge point over the River. Painted pottery dating back to Neolithic period was excavated at Qujialing of Jingshan county in Hubei in 1955. The name Hubei is derived from its location north of Dongting Lake. It is dominated by the Yangzi River(or Chang Jiang) that forms many low lying lakes and reservoirs (the largest number in China) as well as the world famous Three Gorges (now harnessed by the huge Sanxia Dada dam).
Popular Cities: Wuhan, Huangshi, Yichang, Xiangyang, Shiyan, Jingzhou
Average temperature: 1ºC to 6ºC (33.8°F to 42.8°F) in January, 24ºC to 30ºC (75.2°F to 86°F) in July.
Places to visit
1. Wuhan is the largest city in Hubei, and it was formed in 1926 by combining three neighboring cities (Hankou, Wuchang and Hanyang) together. The provincial museum at Wuhan is one of the best in China with many exhibits from the Warring States and Three Kingdoms periods.
2. Donghu (East Lake) is an attractive park east of the center of Wuhan while near the bridge is the Huanghelou(Yellow Crane Tower) dating back over 1,700 years; the present building has recently been rebuilt on the original site.
3. The Buddhist Guiyuansi ‘Temple of Original Purity’ has a collection of thousands of ancient sacred texts.
4. Shennongjia is a noted National Forest in the mountainous northwest. is famous for its varied plant species as well as solemn mountains. Regarded as the “Lungs of Central China”, the forest coverage exceeds 90 percent of the area.The area is home to some rare animals such as golden monkeys, white bears and antelope.
5. A trip to Wudan Mountain is a very worthwhile outing from Wuhan. Also known as Taihe Mountain, is both a famous scenic spot and a holy site of Taoism, China’s indigenous religion. It has served as the birthplace of Taoism since Tang Dynasty, so it has a large amount of well-preserved Taoist buildings. The temples of the complex feature the architecture characteristics of Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. Besides, as it contains buildings from as early as the 7th century, it represents the highest standards of Chinese art and architecture over a period of nearly 1,000 years. It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994. It also famous for the Taijiquan (Taichi) martial art tradition.
6. Located in Banqiao Town of Enshi City, the Enshi Grand Canyon reaches 108 kilometers in length and consists of 11 attractions including a forest park, steep mountains, spectacular waterfalls and exciting attractions. Besides, it features karst landforms, including over 200 karst caves, which are spectacular.
7. The Three Gorges, which are comprised of the Qutang gorge, Wuxia Gorge and Xiling Gorge, stretch from Baidi City in Chongqing to Nanjinguan of Hubei with a total length of 192 kilometers. Taking a boat cruise, visitors can enjoy the river and mountain vistas. As a historically and culturally important location in China, the area has many important historical scenic spots, including Shennv Peak, Gaotang Temple and Baidi Besides, it is home to the world famous Three Gorges Dam.