Jiangxi is a fairly mountainous inland province with a long history. From the 8th century onwards there is a long history of silver mining and tea production in the province. The town of Jingdezhen is famous for its blue and white porcelain. Jiangxi is well known for its role in the Communist Party history. Mao Zedong and other leaders became hemmed in on Jiangxi’s Jinggang Mountains. Threatened by yet another Nationalist extermination campaign, the Red Army broke out on 16th October 1934 and started the Long March through hazardous mountains all the way to Yan’an in Shaanxi (a distance of 6,000 miles [9,656 kms]) of the 100,000 who started the march, only 7,000 reached their destination. It is a good center for exploring the majestic scenery and China’s revolutionary past.
Popular Cities: Nanchang, Jiujiang, Ganzhou, Jingdezhen, Ji’an, Ruijin
Average temperature: 3ºC to 9ºC (37.4°F to 48.2°F) in January, 27ºC to 31ºC (80.6°F to 87.8°F) in July.
Places to visit
1. Located in Nanchang City, Pavilion of Prince Teng is one of the three towers in the regions south of the Yangtze Rive. It has been destroyed and rebuilt 29 times. The present building was rebuilt in 1989 on the original site. First built by Li Yuanying, the younger brother of Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty in 653 AD, it received the fame due to Preface to the Pavilion of Prince Teng, a poem of Wang Bo, a very famous poet in the early Tang Dynasty. It is 57.5 meters tall and has nine floors, covering a building area of 13,000 square meters, which looks very solemn. It is a Nanchang City landmark.
2. Jingdezhen is world famous for the huge amount of porcelain that it has produced since the Southern Song dynasty. The potteries use local kaolin (china clay) to fire fine translucent white porcelain. There is now an interactive museum in an old Ming building to explain the whole production process.
3. Lushan Mountain, towering over the southern bank of the Yangtze River. It covers an area of 300 square kilometers, with Dahanyang Peak, the highest summit, rising 1,474 meters above sea level. With magnificent peaks, strange stone formations, unique waterfalls, flourishing trees and flowers, and many historical sites, the mountain is labeled as one of the most famous mountains around the country and was included in the UNESCO world heritage list in 1996. The mountain is the best place to feel the spring and enjoy the picturesque scenery.
4. Dubbed as the “first fairy mountain of Jiangxi”, Sanqing Mountain is a sacred place for Taoists and also famous for its granite forests, gorges and unique ecological scenes. With an area of 229 square kilometers, the mountain is made up of three main summits: Yujing, Yuhua and Yuxu, of which Yujing is the highest peak, standing at 1,816 meters above sea level. Sanqing Mountain contains about 1000 species of flora and 800 types of fauna, and features beautiful clouds and mist, unique rocks, and strangely-shaped pine trees.It is a UNESCO protected mountain range.
5. Poyang Lake is the largest freshwater lake in China and Poyang Lake wetland is the largest wetland in Asia, and serves as a reproducing place of over 50 kinds of rare birds. It was approved to establish a wetland park by the State Forestry Administration of China. The park covers an area of 362 square kilometers, with a total project investment of over 10 billion RMB. Local government wants to make it the largest wetland park in China.
6. Wuyuan County is known as China’s most beautiful countryside. It is one of the birth places of Huizhou The main attraction in Wuyuan is the sea of rapeseed flowers, which extends as far as the eye can see. Besides natural beauty, the county is also known for its glorious history.