Shennongjia Conservation Area – World Geopark and World Natural Heritage
At the 40th session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee in Istanbul, Turkey, Shennongjia was officially listed on the World Heritage List and was awarded the title of “World Natural Heritage Site”. At this point, Shennongjia became the first item in Hubei Province and the 11th World Natural Heritage in China.
China’s First “Triple Crown” Conservation Area
Shennongjia is the only declared World Natural Heritage Project in China in 2016. It has also become the first in China and the second in the world to receive the three major protection systems of UNESCO Human and Biosphere Reserve, World Geopark and World Heritage. The Triple Crown” directory heritage site.
The Shennongjia World Natural Heritage Site covers an area of 73,318 hectares. It is divided into the Shennong Dingba East Area in the west and the Laojun Mountain Area in the east. The buffer area of the heritage site is 41,536 hectares.
The World Heritage Committee believes that Shennongjia is unique in the world in terms of biodiversity, zonal vegetation types, vertical natural bands, ecological and biological processes, and has the world’s most complete vertical natural spectrum, and its biodiversity has filled in the World Heritage List.
At present, there are 3,767 vascular plants in the Shennongjia Heritage Site. More than 600 species of vertebrate have been recorded, and 4,365 species of insects have been found. Among them, there are 205 endemic species, 2 endemic genera and 1793 endemic species in China. The number of flagship species Shennongjia golden monkeys is more than 1,300.
The Shennongjia Eco-tourism Zone is located at the eastern end of the Qinba Mountain Range. It is shared with the Wuling Mountains and covers the Yangtze River Three Gorges, covering an area of 45.4 square kilometers. There are geological wonders from the most complete Precambrian strata on the earth, the Yanshan and Himalayan glaciers. It is centered on the “Central China Ridge”, which combines natural wonders, scientific exploration, and harmony between heaven and human. Original ecotourism area. Shennongjia is rich in ecotourism resources. It is a geological history book that records earth geological events and environmental changes. It is a climate scale that integrates subtropical to cold temperate zones. It is the watershed of the Yangtze River and Han River and the birthplace of Chinese farming civilization. It has a well-preserved northern latitude in the northern hemisphere. Subtropical forest ecosystems and rich biodiversity.
The alpine original ecological cultural community is surrounded by the ancient mysterious culture in the ancient mysterious forest of Shennongjia. The unique charm of the Shennongjia culture is like an old wine, fragrant, intoxicating and fascinating. The Shennongjia culture has distinctive features that distinguish it from other regions: this is the ancient mountain feature. It not only retains the traces of the original ancient culture, but also has a strong regional landscape. Its regional cultural characteristics are regarded as a rare mountain cultural circle in Asia – the original ecological cultural community belt of the mountains.
Shennongjia is one of the places where the number of “wild people” is the most, and the number of witnesses is the most. According to incomplete statistics, since the beginning of the last century, nearly 400 people have seen nearly 100 “wild people” living in different places. Since 1977, the Chinese Academy of Sciences has conducted scientific research and research on Shennongjia humanoid animals. In the past 30 years, it has received reports from hundreds of people who have seen “wild people”. At the same time, it has collected a lot of evidence about humanoid animal activities. But for 30 years, there has never been a positive contact with humanoid animals.