Terracotta Warriors – “The Eighth Wonder of the World”
The Terracotta Warriors and Horses, the Terracotta Warriors and Horses of the First Qin Dynasty, also known as the Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses, or the Qin Dynasty, are the first batch of national key cultural relics protection units. The first batch of Chinese World Heritage Sites are located in the Terracotta Warriors and Horses Pits 1.5 kilometers east of Qin Shihuang Mausoleum in Lintong District of Xi’an City, Shaanxi Province.
The Terracotta Army is a category of ancient tomb sculptures. In ancient times, people were enslaved. Slave was an accessory before the birth of the slave. After the death of the slave owner, the slave was buried as a funeral for the slave owner. The Terracotta Warriors and Horses were made into sacrificial animals in the shape of soldiers and horses (chariots, horses, soldiers).
On March 4, 1961, the Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shihuang was announced by the State Council as the first batch of national key cultural relics protection units. In March 1974, Terra Cotta Warriors was discovered; in 1987, the tombs of Emperor Qin Shi Huang and Terracotta Warriors were approved by the UNESCO for inclusion in the “World Heritage List,” and was hailed as “The Eighth Wonder of the World”.
There were more than 200 foreign heads of state. Visits with the heads of government have become a golden card for the glorious civilization of ancient China and have been hailed as one of the world’s top ten ancient tombs.
From 1974 to 1977, at the place 1 km east of the Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum, the Terracotta Warriors and Horses Pit, one of the burial pits of the Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum, was exhumed. The first pit is in the south, 216 meters long, 62 meters wide and 13260 square meters in area. The second pit is 124 meters long, 98 meters wide, and has an area of 6,000 square meters. The third pit area is 520 square meters. A total of 800 samurai warriors were unearthed, 18 wooden chariots and more than 100 horses. According to the current arrangement of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses, the number of warriors in these three pits may be 7,000, 100 chariots, and 100 war horses. Potteries are tall, generally about 1.8 meters.
Terracotta warriors and horses from the identity of the distinction, there are two major categories of soldiers and military gentry, military gentry and low, intermediate, high-level distinction. The general soldier does not wear a crown, while the military officer wears a crown. The crown of an ordinary army soldier is not the same as the general’s crown, and even the armor is different. Among them, the infantry includes infantry, cavalry, and troop. According to actual combat needs, warriors of different arms have different equipment.
The largest number of warriors are soldiers warriors. Most of them are armed with bronze weapons. They have bows, gongs, arrows, gongs, spears, gems, swords, swords, machetes, and gongs. They wear armored armor and have chest color. Wounded crests. The military corps wore a long crown and was more numerous than generals.warriors’ face, body, expression, eyebrows, eyes and age are all different.
Thousands of pottery and pottery were carefully painted. Warriors’ face, hands, and feet are all pink in color and show muscle texture. Especially the facial painting is particularly exciting. The white-eye corners, black eyes, and even the pupils of the eyes are vividly painted. Warriors’ hair, beard and eyebrows are black. The overall color looks beautiful and harmonious. At the same time, warriors’ paintings also pay attention to the contrast of tones. There are differences between individuals as a whole. Different colors of clothing form a sharp contrast and enhance the artistic appeal.