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At the 43rd UNESCO World Heritage Committee meeting (World Heritage Convention), the Chinese Yellow (Bo) Sea Migratory Bird Habitat (Phase I) and the Liangzhu Ancient City Site have been approved for inclusion in the World Heritage List. So far, China has a total of 55 world heritage sites, ranking first in the world. These world heritages show the true three-dimensional and comprehensive China to the world, and better promote the exchange of civilizations.

Chinese Yellow (Bo) Sea Migratory Bird Habitat

The Chinese Yellow (Bo) Sea Migratory Bird Habitat (Phase I) is located in Yancheng City, Jiangsu Province. It is mainly composed of intertidal tidal flats and other coastal wetlands. It has the largest intertidal tidal flat in the world and is the most endangered species and threatened. The key hub for the most migratory East Asian-Australian migratory bird migration route is the stopover, moulting and wintering of millions of migratory birds around the world. The region provides habitat for 23 species of international importance and supports the survival of 17 IUCN Red List species of endangered species, including one critically endangered species, five endangered species and five vulnerable species.

The Chinese Yellow (Bo) Sea Migratory Bird Habitat is not only one of the most important migration routes for birds in the world, but also the world’s largest red-crowned crane wintering land, where more than 3 million birds perched, multiplied, wintered and migrated each year.

Liangzhu Ancient City Site

The Liangzhu Ancient City Site is located in the suburbs of Hangzhou, in the Yangtze River Valley, dating back to 3300 BC. Covering an area of 14.3 square kilometers, the site includes 11 dam relics, cemetery sites, a water system and a city wall, all of which demonstrate the early Chinese urban civilization based on rice cultivation.

On its official website, UNESCO introduced the site of the Liangzhu Ancient City in the Yangtze River Delta on the southeast coast of China (about 3300-2300 BC). It shows people in the late Neolithic period supported by rice farming and has a unified faith. Early regional countries. The site consists of four parts: Yaoshan Site, Gukou High Dam, Plain Low Dam and City Site. These sites have become an outstanding example of early urban civilization through the social hierarchy embodied in large-scale earth buildings, urban planning, water systems, and different forms of tombs.

Huanglong National Scenic Area is located at the top of Xuebao Mountain, the main peak of Lushan Mountain. It consists of Huanglong Head and Munigou. The headquarters of Huanglong is mainly composed of Huanglonggou, Danyunxia, Xuebaoding and other scenic spots. The Munigou is mainly composed of Zhazi Waterfall and Erdaohai. It is famous for its famous temple, Huanglong Temple. It is famous for its pots, snow mountains, canyons and forests. It is the only well-protected plateau wetland in China. It is about 7 kilometers long and 300 meters wide. Calcified mountain gorge, where the mountain is like a dragon, also known as “Zhanglong Mountain.” There are still many endangered animals in this area, such as giant pandas and Sichuan-nose golden monkeys. Huanglong was listed as a World Natural Heritage by UNESCO in 1992 and listed on the World Natural Heritage List.

Huanglonggou is located at Xuebaoding, the main peak of Lushan Mountain. It is the source of the Lancang River, Wuyuan Bridge. It is a gentle slope with a length of 7.5 kilometers and a width of 1.5 kilometers. The ditch is covered with milky yellow rocks. It looks like a yellow dragon in the jungle. Huanglonggou is famous for its natural scenery of “singularity, absoluteness, exquisiteness and tranquility”. It resembles the “dragon” in the minds of Chinese people. The image has always been described as “the human pool” and the “Chinese symbol.” The continuous calcification section of Huanglonggou is 3,600 meters long, the longest calcified beach is 1,300 meters long and 170 meters wide; the number of pots is more than 3,400; the side stone dam is up to 7.2 meters.

Entering the Huanglong Scenic Spot, the first thing we see is a group of exquisite and unique water pools – Yingbin Pool. The pools vary in size, their shapes are strange, the colors are colorful, and they are patchwork. The surrounding mountains are surrounded by trees, the trees are lush, the wildflowers in the mountains are playing, and the butterflies are flying. The mountain path is winding and winding, dotted with the viewing pavilion, adding to the fun.

Say goodbye to the welcome pool, along the winding path of the stack, you can see that thousands of layers of clear water break through the jungle, down the slope, on the rock about 10 meters high, about 60 meters wide, rushing out, forming a number Ten trapezoidal waterfalls, such as pearls rolling down, silver flashing; such as water curtains hanging high, clouds transpiration; silky slow flow, stretch and elegant; such as bead curtains flashing, graceful grace. There is a steep cliff behind the waterfall, which is mostly horse-like and calcified calcification. It is condensed and golden, making the whole waterfall look magnificent. After being dyed by the afterglow of the sun, it reflects different colors. As far as the color is coming from the sky, it is brilliant and dazzling. It is known as the “flying waterfall.”

Ascend the second step of the Huanglong, and go to a water outlet of the ancient glaciers – wash the hole. The cave is located in the lower part of a 40-meter-wide calcified wall. The cave is about 1 meter high and 1.5 meters wide. It is 1 meter deep and is covered with pale yellow and milky white stalactites. The water in the hole is filled with water, and the waterfall is like a curtain. The legend is that the immortal people are in the body. The infertile women enter the cave and wash their bodies. These legends put a mysterious veil on the body wash.

Ascend the second step of the Huanglong, and go to a water outlet of the ancient glaciers – wash the hole. The cave is located in the lower part of a 40-meter-wide calcified wall. The cave is about 1 meter high and 1.5 meters wide. It is 1 meter deep and is covered with pale yellow and milky white stalactites. The water in the hole is filled with water, and the waterfall is like a curtain. The legend is that the immortal people are in the body. The infertile women enter the cave and wash their bodies. These legends put a mysterious veil on the body wash.

The Maonigou Scenic Area is located in the southwest of Songpan County and is a new scenic spot in the Huanglong Scenic Area. It combines the beauty of Jiuzhaigou and Huanglong, but it is more primitive and clean, and there is no obstacle to closing the mountain in winter. The mountains, forests, caves and seas in the scenic area are in harmony with each other. The forests and the seas are comparable to the pools in Jiuzhaigou. The calcified pool waterfalls can compete with the Huanglong “Yaochi”.

In the original large forest of Maonigou Scenic Area, there is a huge water flow from the 104-meter-high stepped travertine rock mass. The raging roaring seems to be straight down from nine days, and the momentum is extremely spectacular. It is the largest in China. Calcified waterfall – Zhazi Waterfall. Zhazi Waterfall is located at an altitude of 3,270 meters, with a height of 93.2 meters and a width of 35 meters. The upper reaches are lakes and the downstream is a series of stepped river beds. Hundreds of layers of calcified ring-shaped waterfall jade beaded joints, down through the three-stage calcification steps, impact into a huge calcified surface to form a blossoming giant white flower, the waterfall sounds like thunder, sound and shape. On the calcification wall of the second stage of the Great Falls, there is a “water curtain hole”, the water flow in the hole is flying, and the inside of the cave is meteorological.

Xuebaoding is the main peak of the Lushan Mountain Range. 5588 meters above sea level.

Huanglong is dominated by surface calcifications with large scale, various types, exquisite structure and rich colors. It is unique in China’s scenic spots and has become a must in China. The comprehensive landscape is outstanding. Huanglong is a beautiful plateau scenery and a special ethnic customs. The tone for the integrated landscape. Alpine skyscrapers, canyons, canyons, clear waters, inlaid with delicate pools, lakes, beaches, waterfalls, springs, caves and other calcifications, dotted with mysterious villages, temples, farming, animal husbandry, songs, Dance and other ethnic customs. They have a complete range of scenery and unique scenery, but they are organic and harmonious. Under the blue sky and white clouds, the bright showers and the dusk seasons of the plateau, they show a natural scene with dynamic and magical scenery.

In 1987, Mount Tai was listed on the World Heritage List. The World Heritage Committee evaluated Taishan: “For two thousand years, it has been the object of imperial worship. The masterpieces of the mountains are perfectly and harmoniously integrated with the natural landscape. Taishan has always been the spiritual source of Chinese artists and scholars, and is an ancient Chinese civilization and belief symbol.

Taishan is located in the central part of Shandong Province in eastern China, spanning the cities of Tai’an and Jinan. The total area is 24,200 hectares. The main peak, Yuhuangding, is 1,545 meters above sea level. It is the highest mountain in the Shandong hills. The scenery of Mount Tai is famous for its magnificentness. The mountainous terrain, the heavy shape, the setting of the pines and boulder, the change of the clouds and the haze, make it both beautiful and magnificent, and it is the master of Chinese landscapes. Taishan’s top-top Jade Emperor’s sunrise and the sea of clouds are the iconic wonders of Mount Tai. Countless visitors have started climbing in the middle of the night in order to see the sunrise of Mount Tai.

Taishan has a very unique symbol of political power, and it has been in the history of the monarchy to worship for 3,000 years.

According to the traditional Chinese culture, Mount Tai is located in the easternmost part of China. The east is the place where the sun rises. The place where Mount Tai is located is the auspicious place for the development of all things. Therefore, it is regarded as the symbol of heaven and the embodiment of God. In order to show that their ruling power was granted by the Emperor of Heaven, the emperors of the dynasty have come to the heavens and the mountains of Taishan, which is close to the heavens. This is the Taishan Fengchan Grand Ceremony.

With the rise of Fengchan, the ancient dynasties continued to build temples and gods in the mountains of Taishan. Scholars and literati are admiring Taishan, and have come to travel, leaving many immortal masterpieces and calligraphy treasures. Therefore, Taishan has become a treasure trove of cultural heritage. According to incomplete statistics, there are nearly 100 ancient sites in Taishan and more than 20 ancient buildings. They provide real materials for studying the history of ancient Chinese architecture. Among them, the Temple of Taishan Temple is the same as the Forbidden City in Beijing. “one. Mount Tai is also the most famous and best preserved stone inscription in all the famous mountains in China. There are more than 2,000 places in the world. It is the exhibition hall of Chinese calligraphy and stone carving art.

Mr. Lucas, an expert of the UNESCO Natural Heritage Association, gave a very high evaluation after his visit to Taishan in May 1987. He said: “World heritage has different characteristics, either natural or cultural. The heritage of rarely double value is in the same protected area, and Mount Tai is a heritage of double value. This means that China has contributed a unique and unique heritage.” In 1988, Mount Tai was named by UNESCO. It is the first of the “Nine Comprehensive Heritages of the World”.

On December 17, 1994, the UNESCO “Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage” conference was held in Phuket, Thailand, at the 18th session. After a World Heritage expert’s field trip to the ancient buildings of Wudang Mountain, UNESCO considered Wudang Mountain Ancient The Buildings Group meet the three standards set by the World Cultural Heritage Convention and announced the inclusion of the “Wudang Mountain Ancient Buildings Group” in the World Cultural Heritage List.

Wudang Mountain

Wudang Mountain, also known as Taihe Mountain, is located in the southwestern part of Danjiangkou City, Hubei Province, central China. It is said that the Daoist Xuanwu Emperor (Northern God) has cultivated the land of the immortality, and the Taoist celebrities have practiced here. According to records, during the reign of Emperor Taizong of Tang Dynasty, Wu Longyu was created at Lingying Peak. Since the Song and Yuan Dynasties, the generation has expanded and expanded. In the ten years of Yongle (1412), Ming Chengzu used more than 300,000 military men to build a civil engineering here. Most of the 36 existing temples were built in the Ming Dynasty. They are the most complete, largest and highest-ranking Taoist ancient buildings in China. All kinds of statues, instruments, and classics preserved in the palace view have high cultural and artistic value. In the Ming Dynasty (AD 1368-1644), Wudang Mountain was sealed by the emperor as “Dayue” and “Xuanyue”, and its status was above the “Five Mountains”. Tianzhu Peak, the main peak of Wudang, is 1612 meters above sea level. It is surrounded by “Seventy-two Peaks”, “Thirty-six Rocks” and “Twenty-four Miles”. The scenery is magnificent and magnificent. It is praised by the world as “Wanshan.” Come to the DPRK.”

At present, the ancient buildings of Wudang Mountain mainly include the Taihe Palace, Nanyan Palace, Ziyan Palace, the four palaces of Yuzheng Palace, the two palace ruins of Yuxu Palace and Wulong Palace, and more than 200 places of various temples. The building area is 50,000 square meters, covering a total area of more than 1 million square meters, and the scale is extremely large. The main cultural heritages included include: Taihe Palace, Ziyan Palace, Nanyan Palace, Fuzhenguan, and “Jianshi Xuanyue” archway.

Taihe Palace

Zixiao Palace is the most magnificent and most preserved Taoist building in the Wudang Mountain ancient architectural complex. It is located in the southeast of Wudang Mountain and was built in the Xuanhe Period of the Northern Song Dynasty (AD 1119-1125). Mingjia The 31st year of the Qing Dynasty (AD 1552) was expanded. The main building, the Zixiao Palace, is the most representative wooden structure of Wudang Mountain. There are 36 golden columns in the temple, which are dedicated to the statue of the Jade Emperor. The architectural style and decoration have obvious characteristics of the Ming Dynasty.

Zixiao Palace

Zixiao Palace is the most magnificent and most preserved Taoist building in the Wudang Mountain ancient architectural complex. It is located in the southeast of Wudang Mountain and was built in the Xuanhe Period of the Northern Song Dynasty (AD 1119-1125). Mingjia The 31st year of the Qing Dynasty (AD 1552) was expanded. The main building, the Zixiao Palace, is the most representative wooden structure of Wudang Mountain. There are 36 golden columns in the temple, which are dedicated to the statue of the Jade Emperor. The architectural style and decoration have obvious characteristics of the Ming Dynasty.

In addition, there are 1486 statues of various statues in the Wudang Mountain Palace, inscriptions, Mo Yan inscriptions, 409 passes, 682 pieces of instruments and supplies, and a large number of books, etc., which are also very precious cultural relics.

The natural landscape of the ancient buildings of Wudang Mountain blends with the human landscape, which embodies the essence of ancient Chinese architectural art. The essence of Wudang Taoism, Wudang Daole and Wudang Martial Arts is also derived here, adding new content to the traditional culture of the Chinese nation.

The ‘Wudang Mountain Ancient Buildings Group’ meets the standards of Articles Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅵ of the ‘Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural Heritage and Natural Heritage’.

First, the ancient buildings of Wudang Mountain are distributed in the mountains centered on the main peak Tianzhu Peak. The location of the building pays attention to the choice of environment, paying attention to the mountain-shaped water veins, collecting gas and hiding the wind, and taking into account the uneven spacing of the building units. With a rigorous construction plan, some buildings are magnificent, or small and exquisite, or deep in the mountains, or besides dangerous cliffs, they all pay great attention to complementing the environment, with a strong architectural rhythm, achieving a high degree of harmony between architecture and nature. A masterpiece of architecture with genius creativity.

In line with Standard I: a unique artistic achievement that represents the spirit of human creativity.

Second, the ancient buildings of Wudang Mountain have various types and made of materials, and the design, structure, decoration and furnishings of various buildings, regardless of the wooden structure, the bronze temple, the stone temple, the stone carving, the bronze sculpture, the wood carving, the stone carving, All kinds of statues, such as clay sculptures, have high technical standards and artistic achievements. (In line with Standard II: Over a certain period of time or within a specific cultural area, it has had a huge impact on the development of architecture, monumental art or spatial structure).

Third, the construction of the Wudang Mountain ancient architectural complex was one of the examples of the great revision of the Wenzhi after Emperor Zhu Xi’s acquisition of political power by the martial arts in the early Ming Dynasty. While expanding his diplomacy, he strongly advocated the religious conception of “Heaven and Man” and used the legends of “Prince Taixian” and “Sendai to be enshrined” to promote and inculcate the idea of “the monarchical authority” to consolidate its internal rule. . Therefore, it has significant historical significance and ideological beliefs and other meanings (in accordance with Standard VI: direct or actual connection with events or beliefs with special universal significance).

At 15:16 on July 7, 2017 in Poland, the Chinese “Qinghai Hoh Xil” application was approved at the 41st World Heritage Committee meeting of UNESCO and successfully listed on the World Heritage List. It becomes China’s 12th World Natural Heritage Site and 51st World Heritage Site, and China’s largest natural world heritage site.

The Last Pure Land of Mankind

Hoh Xil, Mongolian refers to “cyan mountains” and Tibetan refers to “beautiful girls.” Hoh Xil is widely recognized as “the last pure land of mankind” and is the perfect combination of alpine ecosystem and plateau wetland ecosystem.

The World Heritage Committee and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) highly praise the heritage value of ‘Qinghai Hoh Xil’ :

“Hoh Xil has a vast area with little impact from modern human activities. Extreme weather conditions and its inaccessibility together protect this last sanctuary, which has many plateau-dependent species of global importance. Advanced plants found in Hoh Xil More than one-third of them are unique to the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, and all herbivorous mammals that depend on these plants are also unique to the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.

It has extraordinary natural beauty, its beauty is beyond human imagination, and it is amazing in all respects. ’

The Qinghai Hoh Xil World Heritage Site is located in the northeastern part of the world’s largest, highest and youngest Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. It is located in Zhiduo County and Qumalai County of Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province, and most of them are in no-man’s land with an area of 37,400 square kilometers. With a buffer area of 22,900 square kilometers, it is currently the largest natural world heritage project in China. The district and its surrounding areas are state-level protected areas and are strictly protected by national laws and regulations.

The world natural heritage of Hoh Xil has rare and unique natural resources in the world. It preserves the most complete plateau plane on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the most dense lake group in China with different succession stages and different salinities and shapes. It is important in the northern part of the Yangtze River. The catchment area; the huge mountain system and glaciers, lakes, river wetlands and geological relics, plateau meadows, and plateau grasslands constitute the only special habitats in the world; the population of the most representative species of the plateau, the “Plateau Elf” Tibetan antelope It accounts for nearly 40% of the global population, and the area of breeding land accounts for nearly 80% of the global breeding area. At the same time, the nominated place is also the habitat of the “fossil-class” wild animal wild yak, which is one of the world’s least affected areas, and the most perfect and typical wilderness landscape in the world. The ideal space for multidisciplinary research and understanding of the interrelationships and constraints between organisms and the laws of ecological change.

It has unparalleled biodiversity, with 210 species of plants, of which 72 species are endemic to the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, such as the short-stem-shaped snow-Ganoderma lucidum, Qinghai delphinium, and Hoh Xil Androsace. There are 75 species of vertebrates, including 20 species of mammals, 48 species of birds, 6 species of fish, 1 species of reptiles, and 12 species of endemic species of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, such as Tibetan antelope, argali, wild yak, and Tibetan wild ass. And large carnivores such as brown bears and wolves.

According to the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention, Hoh Xil meets the World Heritage standards vii and x.

Standard vii: A wonderful natural phenomenon or an area with excellent natural beauty and aesthetic value.

Hoh Xil has a rare and unique natural landscape, huge mountains, steep glaciers, colorful lakes and extraordinary natural beauty of river wetlands. It is amazing and beyond imagination. The unique geographical environment and climatic characteristics of the Earth’s “third pole” in the hinterland of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau have created a unique ecosystem at high altitudes around the world, documenting the history of the evolution of the earth and the evolution of life.

Standard x: is the most important natural habitat for biodiversity conservation, including endangered species habitats with outstanding universal value from a scientific and conservation perspective.

The unique peculiarity of the flora of the site, combined with the characteristics of high altitude and cold climate, has spawned the same highly unique fauna. Including 75 species of vertebrates, it also preserves the habitat of the Tibetan antelope’s complete life cycle and the scene of the herd of the mother antelope after long-distance migration, and its complete migratory route between Sanjiangyuan and Hoh Xil, supporting the Tibetan antelope undisturbed. Migration.

(Claim: Images are all from Chinese Internet)

On December 1st, 1999, good news came from Morocco, thousands of miles away: the 23rd session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee made a decision to approve Wuyi Mountain as a double heritage of culture and nature, to be included in the ‘World Natural and Cultural Heritage List’. It becomes the fourth place in China and one of the 23 “double heritages” of world culture and nature in the world. Wuyi Mountain has taken the “golden signboard”  in the world’s tourism industry.

Wuyishan has a unique, rare and wonderful natural landscape. In 1990, Mrs. Barco, the former Chairman of the Executive Committee of the World Tourism Organization, happily inscribed after visiting Wuyi Mountain: “The unpolluted Wuyi Mountain Scenic Area is a model of world environmental protection.”

Physical Geography

Located in the northwestern part of Fujian Province, Wuyi Mountain is a subtropical region with a total area of 2,798 square kilometers. Wuyi Mountain Scenic Area is a typical Danxia landform. The highest point is Huanggang Mountain, which is 2158 meters above sea level. There are 36 peaks and 99 rocks on the both banks of Jiuqu River.

Ecological Resources

Wuyi Mountain is a key area for global biodiversity conservation. It preserves the most complete, most typical and largest sub-tropical native forest ecosystem in the same latitude of the earth. It is known to have 3,728 species of plants, including almost all types of vegetation in the mid-subtropical region of China; 5,110 species of known animals are rare. The unique gene library of wild animals enjoys the reputation of “the window of the world’s living things”, “the kingdom of snakes”, “the paradise of birds”, “the world of insects”, “the paradise of monkeys” and “natural botanical gardens”. The key to Asian amphibians and reptiles.” In 1987, the Wuyi Mountain Nature Reserve was listed by the UNESCO as a member of the World Manpower and Biosphere Conservation Network. In 1992, it was listed by the United Nations as a global biodiversity A-level nature reserve.

Ecological Resources

1. A Barge Coffin, dating back more than 3,750 years, is the earliest dating site found at home and abroad;

2. Ancient Seoul Ruins, 2355±70 years ago, Wangcheng, the area of the Western Han Dynasty and the Yue State, covering an area of 220,000 square meters;

3. Zhuzi’s science of science constitutes the ideological theory of China’s dominance from the Song Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty, and its influence is far from East Asia and Southeast Asia;

4. Cliff Stone Carvings, there are 426 existing, from Song to Qing, is a treasure house of Wuyishan ancient culture and ancient calligraphy art;

5. Ancient Cliffs Residence;

6. Tea Culture;

7. Religious Culture;

8. Zhaoqing Bridge.

(Images all from Chinese Internet)

At the 40th session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee in Istanbul, Turkey, Shennongjia was officially listed on the World Heritage List and was awarded the title of “World Natural Heritage Site”. At this point, Shennongjia became the first item in Hubei Province and the 11th World Natural Heritage in China.

China’s First “Triple Crown” Conservation Area

Shennongjia is the only declared World Natural Heritage Project in China in 2016. It has also become the first in China and the second in the world to receive the three major protection systems of UNESCO Human and Biosphere Reserve, World Geopark and World Heritage. The Triple Crown” directory heritage site.

The Shennongjia World Natural Heritage Site covers an area of 73,318 hectares. It is divided into the Shennong Dingba East Area in the west and the Laojun Mountain Area in the east. The buffer area of the heritage site is 41,536 hectares.

The World Heritage Committee believes that Shennongjia is unique in the world in terms of biodiversity, zonal vegetation types, vertical natural bands, ecological and biological processes, and has the world’s most complete vertical natural spectrum, and its biodiversity has filled in the World Heritage List.

Shennongjia Dajiu Lake is the core scenic spot of Shennongjia, the world's geological park.

At present, there are 3,767 vascular plants in the Shennongjia Heritage Site. More than 600 species of vertebrate have been recorded, and 4,365 species of insects have been found. Among them, there are 205 endemic species, 2 endemic genera and 1793 endemic species in China. The number of flagship species Shennongjia golden monkeys is more than 1,300.

Golden monkey

Tourism Resources

The Shennongjia Eco-tourism Zone is located at the eastern end of the Qinba Mountain Range. It is shared with the Wuling Mountains and covers the Yangtze River Three Gorges, covering an area of 45.4 square kilometers. There are geological wonders from the most complete Precambrian strata on the earth, the Yanshan and Himalayan glaciers. It is centered on the “Central China Ridge”, which combines natural wonders, scientific exploration, and harmony between heaven and human. Original ecotourism area. Shennongjia is rich in ecotourism resources. It is a geological history book that records earth geological events and environmental changes. It is a climate scale that integrates subtropical to cold temperate zones. It is the watershed of the Yangtze River and Han River and the birthplace of Chinese farming civilization. It has a well-preserved northern latitude in the northern hemisphere. Subtropical forest ecosystems and rich biodiversity.

Shennong Culture

The alpine original ecological cultural community is surrounded by the ancient mysterious culture in the ancient mysterious forest of Shennongjia. The unique charm of the Shennongjia culture is like an old wine, fragrant, intoxicating and fascinating. The Shennongjia culture has distinctive features that distinguish it from other regions: this is the ancient mountain feature. It not only retains the traces of the original ancient culture, but also has a strong regional landscape. Its regional cultural characteristics are regarded as a rare mountain cultural circle in Asia – the original ecological cultural community belt of the mountains.

Savage Mystery

Shennongjia is one of the places where the number of “wild people” is the most, and the number of witnesses is the most. According to incomplete statistics, since the beginning of the last century, nearly 400 people have seen nearly 100 “wild people” living in different places. Since 1977, the Chinese Academy of Sciences has conducted scientific research and research on Shennongjia humanoid animals. In the past 30 years, it has received reports from hundreds of people who have seen “wild people”. At the same time, it has collected a lot of evidence about humanoid animal activities. But for 30 years, there has never been a positive contact with humanoid animals.

At 11:36 on July 2, 2018, at the 42nd World Heritage Congress in Manama, capital of Bahrain, the UNESCO World Heritage Committee considered the inclusion of Fanjings Mountain on the World Heritage List. Fanjing Mountain became the 53rd World Heritage Site and the 13th World Natural Heritage Site in China.

Fanjing Mountain

Fanjing Mountain, formerly known as “Three Valleys”, is located in Tongren City, Guizhou Province, and is named after “Brazil Pure Land”. Fanjing Mountain has won the “China’s Top Ten Summer Mountain” in 2008 and 2009, and is the fifth largest Buddhist mountain in China with Wutai Mountain in Shanxi, Putuo Mountain in Zhejiang, Mount Emei in Sichuan and Jiuhua Mountain in Anhui.

Fanjing Mountain has abundant wildlife resources, such as rare golden monkeys and phoenix trees. In the mountains, you can’t find the traces of artificial scenery. The “Mushroom Stone” of the main peak is a famous landscape, and it is also a rare place for tourism.

If you want to feel the quietest time, then you must go to the Fanjing Mountain, known as the Brahma Pure Land, to experience the infinite scenery of the mountains.

Fanjing Mountain

The ‘golden dome’ stands on a narrow ridge with a height difference of several hundred meters. Under the weathering erosion, the hard rock body cracks to form a crevice, so the ‘golden dome’ is divided into two. People built a temple on each of the two peaks, the Sakyamuni temple on the left and the Maitreya temple on the right.

More metamorphic rock masses have formed unique shapes under the engraving of nature for hundreds of millions of years, such as “Eagle Rock”

Fanjing Mountain is the highest peak in the surrounding area. The southeast monsoon from the Pacific Ocean and the southwest monsoon from the Indian Ocean meet here. The warm and humid air current that comes with the monsoon is blocked by the mountain and climbs up, the clouds around the mountains become the norm.

The transpirational airflow is converted into abundant precipitation. The annual precipitation of Fanjing Mountain is as high as 1100-2600 mm. The metamorphic rocks that are difficult to dissolve make the precipitation gather on the surface to form streams and rivers, which can provide hundreds of millions of cubic meters of clean fresh water to the surrounding area every year.

Adequate water sources, fertile soil layers, and the subtropical environment in which Fanjing Mountain is located, the hydrothermal conditions are superior, providing an excellent environment for the habitat of animals and plants. According to incomplete statistics, there are 4,394 wild plants in Fanjing Mountain, with a forest coverage rate of over 80%, which is superior to the surrounding carbonate rock areas regardless of mass or number.

Within a few kilometers of vertical distance, Fanjingshan spans four temperature zones, including the mid-subtropical zone, the northern subtropical zone, the warm temperate zone, and the mid-temperate zone. Temperature zones at different altitudes can meet the growth needs of different vegetations, including evergreen broad-leaved forest belts below 1300-1400 meters, evergreen, deciduous broad-leaved mixed forests of 1400-2200 meters, and subalpine needle-width mixed plants of 2200-2570.5 meters. Forest and shrub meadow belts, this is the vertical natural belt of the mountains.

An isolated island with a small area like Fanjing Mountain, the natural vegetation remains relatively primitive and has become a place for the survival, reproduction and evolution of more than 6,000 species of plants and animals. There is the largest continuous distribution of Cyclobalanopsis glauca in the global subtropical region.

Up to now, in the World Heritage List, China has 53 items, including 36 world cultural heritages, 4 world cultural and natural heritages, and 13 world natural heritage sites.

World Cultural Heritage

China’s 36 World Cultural Heritage List:

  1. Great Wall (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei, Tianjin, Beijing, Shandong, Henan, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang)
  2. Mogao Grottoes (Gansu)
  3. Ming and Qing Palace Museum (Beijing Forbidden City, Shenyang Imperial Palace)
  4. The Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor and the Terracotta Warriors and Horses (Shaanxi)
  5. Zhoukoudian Peking Man Site (Beijing)
  6. Historic buildings of the Potala Palace in Lhasa (Jokhang Temple, Norbulingka (Tibet))
  7. Chengde Mountain Resort and its surrounding temples (Hebei)
  8. Qufu Confucius Temple, Konglin and Confucius (Shandong)
  9. Wudang Mountain Ancient Building Complex (Hubei)
  10. Lushan National Geopark (Jiangxi)
  11. Lijiang Ancient City (Yunnan)
  12. Pingyao Ancient City (Shanxi)
  13. Suzhou Classical Garden (Jiangsu)
  14. Beijing Royal Altar – Temple of Heaven (Beijing)
  15. Beijing Royal Garden – Summer Palace (Beijing)
  16. Dazu Rock Carving (Chongqing)
  17. Longmen Grottoes (Henan)
  18. Royal Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties (Existing Mausoleum (Hubei), Qingdong Mausoleum (Hebei), Qing Xiling (Hebei), Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum (Jiangsu), Ming Tombs (Beijing), Shengjing Sanling (Liaoning)
  19. Qingcheng Mountain – Dujiangyan (Sichuan)
  20. Southern Anhui Ancient Village – Xidi, Hongcun (Anhui)
  21. Yungang Grottoes (Shanxi)
  22. Gaogouli Wangcheng, Wangling and noble tombs (Jilin, Liaoning)
  23. Macau’s Historic District (Macau)
  24. Anyang Yinxu (Henan)
  25. Kaiping Diaolou and Village (Guangdong)
  26. Fujian Tulou (Fujian)
  27. Wutai Mountain (Shanxi)
  28. Dengfeng “between heaven and earth” historical monument (Henan)
  29. Hangzhou West Lake Cultural Landscape (Zhejiang)
  30. Yuanshangdu Site (Inner Mongolia)
  31. Honghe Hani Terraced Field Cultural Landscape (Yunnan)
  32. Grand Canal (Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shandong, Henan, Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang)
  33. Silk Road: Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor Road Network (Henan, Shaanxi, Gansu, Xinjiang)
  34. Toast ruins (Hunan, Hubei, Guizhou)
  35. Zuojiang Huashan Rock Painting Cultural Landscape (Guangxi)
  36. Gulangyu: Historical International Community (Fujian)

Among them

Lushan, Wutaishan, Hangzhou West Lake, Hani Terrace and Huashan Rock Painting are the only five cultural landscape heritages in China’s World Heritage Site.

Mogao Grottoes
Suzhou Classical Garden
Qingcheng Mountain – Dujiangyan
Kaiping Diaolou and Village

World Natural Heritage

China’s 13 World Natural Heritage List:

  1. Huanglong Scenic Area (Sichuan)
  2. Jiuzhaigou Scenic Area (Sichuan)
  3. Wulingyuan Scenic Area (Hunan)
  4. Yunnan Sanjiang Parallel Conservation Area (Yunnan)
  5. Sichuan Giant Panda Habitat (Sichuan)
  6. South China Karst (Yunnan, Guizhou, Chongqing, Guangxi)
  7. Sanqingshan World Geopark (Jiangxi)
  8. China Danxia (Guizhou, Fujian, Hunan, Guangdong, Jiangxi, Zhejiang)
  9. Chengjiang Fossil Site (Yunnan)
  10. Xinjiang Tianshan (Xinjiang)
  11. Hubei Shennongjia (Hubei)
  12. Qinghai Hoh Xil (Qinghai)
  13. Fanjing Mountain (Guizhou)
Qinghai Hoh Xil
Hubei Shennongjia
Sichuan Giant Panda Habitat
South China Karst

Yunnan Stone Forest

Guilin Lijiang

Wulong Tiankeng

World Cultural and Natural Merger Heritage

China’s four World Heritage and Natural Merger Heritage List

  1. Taishan (Shandong)
  2. Huangshan (Anhui)
  3. Emeishan-Leshan Giant Buddha (Sichuan)
  4. Wuyishan (Fujian)
Taishan Mountain
Emeishan-Leshan Giant Buddha
Huangshan Mountain
Wuyishan Mountain

Images are from《中国国家地理》 <China National Geographic>

No.1 Tibet Ranwu Lake

Ranwu Lake means “Milk-like lake” in Tibetan language. Her tranquility and blue are famous. In the distance, the snow-capped top of mountains are not thawing all the year round. The lakeside mountainside is a lush forest, and the Ranhu Lake reflects the forest like a mirror. All this, is so peaceful.

Coupled with a group of cattle, sheep and crops on the green grassy beaches of the lake, it forms a unique picture of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the idyllic pastoral charm of the Tibetan area. Such a breathtaking view, probably the fairy will be intoxicated!

No.2 Taiwan Kenting

Kenting is known as the ‘Taiwanese’s End of the World’, and the final landing site of the actor in “The Fantasy Drifting of the Youth” is filmed here.

White beaches, blue waters, in Kenting, please slow down and listen carefully, let the surging waves “speak” to you the most beautiful story of Kenting.

No.3 Guangzhou Xitou Village

Kenting is known as the ‘Taiwanese’s End of the World’, and the final landing site of the actor in “The Fantasy Drifting of the Youth” is filmed here.

White beaches, blue waters, in Kenting, please slow down and listen carefully, let the surging waves “speak” to you the most beautiful story of Kenting.

No.4 Zhejiang Mingao Terraced Field

Mingao, after more than 1,000 years of farming in the dynasties, the terraced fields are like the carved works of mankind on the earth.

The terraced terraces are built on the hills, and the hills are built along the slopes of the mountains, extremely spectacular.

No.5 Sichuan Liangshan Ma Na Cha Jin

Located in the middle of the Hengduan Mountains in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, there is such a blue moon shrouded in the “mountain of the sea”. She has a beautiful and rustic name “Muli” – meaning the garden of God.

It does not lose Tibet here, but it is also comparable to Xinjiang. It can be called a true mythical world.