At 15:16 on July 7, 2017 in Poland, the Chinese “Qinghai Hoh Xil” application was approved at the 41st World Heritage Committee meeting of UNESCO and successfully listed on the World Heritage List. It becomes China’s 12th World Natural Heritage Site and 51st World Heritage Site, and China’s largest natural world heritage site.
The Last Pure Land of Mankind
Hoh Xil, Mongolian refers to “cyan mountains” and Tibetan refers to “beautiful girls.” Hoh Xil is widely recognized as “the last pure land of mankind” and is the perfect combination of alpine ecosystem and plateau wetland ecosystem.
The World Heritage Committee and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) highly praise the heritage value of ‘Qinghai Hoh Xil’ :
“Hoh Xil has a vast area with little impact from modern human activities. Extreme weather conditions and its inaccessibility together protect this last sanctuary, which has many plateau-dependent species of global importance. Advanced plants found in Hoh Xil More than one-third of them are unique to the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, and all herbivorous mammals that depend on these plants are also unique to the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.
It has extraordinary natural beauty, its beauty is beyond human imagination, and it is amazing in all respects. ’
The Qinghai Hoh Xil World Heritage Site is located in the northeastern part of the world’s largest, highest and youngest Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. It is located in Zhiduo County and Qumalai County of Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province, and most of them are in no-man’s land with an area of 37,400 square kilometers. With a buffer area of 22,900 square kilometers, it is currently the largest natural world heritage project in China. The district and its surrounding areas are state-level protected areas and are strictly protected by national laws and regulations.
The world natural heritage of Hoh Xil has rare and unique natural resources in the world. It preserves the most complete plateau plane on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the most dense lake group in China with different succession stages and different salinities and shapes. It is important in the northern part of the Yangtze River. The catchment area; the huge mountain system and glaciers, lakes, river wetlands and geological relics, plateau meadows, and plateau grasslands constitute the only special habitats in the world; the population of the most representative species of the plateau, the “Plateau Elf” Tibetan antelope It accounts for nearly 40% of the global population, and the area of breeding land accounts for nearly 80% of the global breeding area. At the same time, the nominated place is also the habitat of the “fossil-class” wild animal wild yak, which is one of the world’s least affected areas, and the most perfect and typical wilderness landscape in the world. The ideal space for multidisciplinary research and understanding of the interrelationships and constraints between organisms and the laws of ecological change.
It has unparalleled biodiversity, with 210 species of plants, of which 72 species are endemic to the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, such as the short-stem-shaped snow-Ganoderma lucidum, Qinghai delphinium, and Hoh Xil Androsace. There are 75 species of vertebrates, including 20 species of mammals, 48 species of birds, 6 species of fish, 1 species of reptiles, and 12 species of endemic species of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, such as Tibetan antelope, argali, wild yak, and Tibetan wild ass. And large carnivores such as brown bears and wolves.
According to the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention, Hoh Xil meets the World Heritage standards vii and x.
Standard vii: A wonderful natural phenomenon or an area with excellent natural beauty and aesthetic value.
Hoh Xil has a rare and unique natural landscape, huge mountains, steep glaciers, colorful lakes and extraordinary natural beauty of river wetlands. It is amazing and beyond imagination. The unique geographical environment and climatic characteristics of the Earth’s “third pole” in the hinterland of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau have created a unique ecosystem at high altitudes around the world, documenting the history of the evolution of the earth and the evolution of life.
Standard x: is the most important natural habitat for biodiversity conservation, including endangered species habitats with outstanding universal value from a scientific and conservation perspective.
The unique peculiarity of the flora of the site, combined with the characteristics of high altitude and cold climate, has spawned the same highly unique fauna. Including 75 species of vertebrates, it also preserves the habitat of the Tibetan antelope’s complete life cycle and the scene of the herd of the mother antelope after long-distance migration, and its complete migratory route between Sanjiangyuan and Hoh Xil, supporting the Tibetan antelope undisturbed. Migration.
(Claim: Images are all from Chinese Internet)