World Natural Heritage Fanjing Mountain, You Are Worth A Visit!
At 11:36 on July 2, 2018, at the 42nd World Heritage Congress in Manama, capital of Bahrain, the UNESCO World Heritage Committee considered the inclusion of Fanjings Mountain on the World Heritage List. Fanjing Mountain became the 53rd World Heritage Site and the 13th World Natural Heritage Site in China.
Fanjing Mountain, formerly known as “Three Valleys”, is located in Tongren City, Guizhou Province, and is named after “Brazil Pure Land”. Fanjing Mountain has won the “China’s Top Ten Summer Mountain” in 2008 and 2009, and is the fifth largest Buddhist mountain in China with Wutai Mountain in Shanxi, Putuo Mountain in Zhejiang, Mount Emei in Sichuan and Jiuhua Mountain in Anhui.
Fanjing Mountain has abundant wildlife resources, such as rare golden monkeys and phoenix trees. In the mountains, you can’t find the traces of artificial scenery. The “Mushroom Stone” of the main peak is a famous landscape, and it is also a rare place for tourism.
If you want to feel the quietest time, then you must go to the Fanjing Mountain, known as the Brahma Pure Land, to experience the infinite scenery of the mountains.
The ‘golden dome’ stands on a narrow ridge with a height difference of several hundred meters. Under the weathering erosion, the hard rock body cracks to form a crevice, so the ‘golden dome’ is divided into two. People built a temple on each of the two peaks, the Sakyamuni temple on the left and the Maitreya temple on the right.
More metamorphic rock masses have formed unique shapes under the engraving of nature for hundreds of millions of years, such as “Eagle Rock”
Fanjing Mountain is the highest peak in the surrounding area. The southeast monsoon from the Pacific Ocean and the southwest monsoon from the Indian Ocean meet here. The warm and humid air current that comes with the monsoon is blocked by the mountain and climbs up, the clouds around the mountains become the norm.
The transpirational airflow is converted into abundant precipitation. The annual precipitation of Fanjing Mountain is as high as 1100-2600 mm. The metamorphic rocks that are difficult to dissolve make the precipitation gather on the surface to form streams and rivers, which can provide hundreds of millions of cubic meters of clean fresh water to the surrounding area every year.
Adequate water sources, fertile soil layers, and the subtropical environment in which Fanjing Mountain is located, the hydrothermal conditions are superior, providing an excellent environment for the habitat of animals and plants. According to incomplete statistics, there are 4,394 wild plants in Fanjing Mountain, with a forest coverage rate of over 80%, which is superior to the surrounding carbonate rock areas regardless of mass or number.
Within a few kilometers of vertical distance, Fanjingshan spans four temperature zones, including the mid-subtropical zone, the northern subtropical zone, the warm temperate zone, and the mid-temperate zone. Temperature zones at different altitudes can meet the growth needs of different vegetations, including evergreen broad-leaved forest belts below 1300-1400 meters, evergreen, deciduous broad-leaved mixed forests of 1400-2200 meters, and subalpine needle-width mixed plants of 2200-2570.5 meters. Forest and shrub meadow belts, this is the vertical natural belt of the mountains.
An isolated island with a small area like Fanjing Mountain, the natural vegetation remains relatively primitive and has become a place for the survival, reproduction and evolution of more than 6,000 species of plants and animals. There is the largest continuous distribution of Cyclobalanopsis glauca in the global subtropical region.