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Wudang Mountain Ancient Buildings – World Cultural Heritage

On December 17, 1994, the UNESCO “Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage” conference was held in Phuket, Thailand, at the 18th session. After a World Heritage expert’s field trip to the ancient buildings of Wudang Mountain, UNESCO considered Wudang Mountain Ancient The Buildings Group meet the three standards set by the World Cultural Heritage Convention and announced the inclusion of the “Wudang Mountain Ancient Buildings Group” in the World Cultural Heritage List.

Wudang Mountain

Wudang Mountain, also known as Taihe Mountain, is located in the southwestern part of Danjiangkou City, Hubei Province, central China. It is said that the Daoist Xuanwu Emperor (Northern God) has cultivated the land of the immortality, and the Taoist celebrities have practiced here. According to records, during the reign of Emperor Taizong of Tang Dynasty, Wu Longyu was created at Lingying Peak. Since the Song and Yuan Dynasties, the generation has expanded and expanded. In the ten years of Yongle (1412), Ming Chengzu used more than 300,000 military men to build a civil engineering here. Most of the 36 existing temples were built in the Ming Dynasty. They are the most complete, largest and highest-ranking Taoist ancient buildings in China. All kinds of statues, instruments, and classics preserved in the palace view have high cultural and artistic value. In the Ming Dynasty (AD 1368-1644), Wudang Mountain was sealed by the emperor as “Dayue” and “Xuanyue”, and its status was above the “Five Mountains”. Tianzhu Peak, the main peak of Wudang, is 1612 meters above sea level. It is surrounded by “Seventy-two Peaks”, “Thirty-six Rocks” and “Twenty-four Miles”. The scenery is magnificent and magnificent. It is praised by the world as “Wanshan.” Come to the DPRK.”

At present, the ancient buildings of Wudang Mountain mainly include the Taihe Palace, Nanyan Palace, Ziyan Palace, the four palaces of Yuzheng Palace, the two palace ruins of Yuxu Palace and Wulong Palace, and more than 200 places of various temples. The building area is 50,000 square meters, covering a total area of more than 1 million square meters, and the scale is extremely large. The main cultural heritages included include: Taihe Palace, Ziyan Palace, Nanyan Palace, Fuzhenguan, and “Jianshi Xuanyue” archway.

Taihe Palace

Zixiao Palace is the most magnificent and most preserved Taoist building in the Wudang Mountain ancient architectural complex. It is located in the southeast of Wudang Mountain and was built in the Xuanhe Period of the Northern Song Dynasty (AD 1119-1125). Mingjia The 31st year of the Qing Dynasty (AD 1552) was expanded. The main building, the Zixiao Palace, is the most representative wooden structure of Wudang Mountain. There are 36 golden columns in the temple, which are dedicated to the statue of the Jade Emperor. The architectural style and decoration have obvious characteristics of the Ming Dynasty.

Zixiao Palace

Zixiao Palace is the most magnificent and most preserved Taoist building in the Wudang Mountain ancient architectural complex. It is located in the southeast of Wudang Mountain and was built in the Xuanhe Period of the Northern Song Dynasty (AD 1119-1125). Mingjia The 31st year of the Qing Dynasty (AD 1552) was expanded. The main building, the Zixiao Palace, is the most representative wooden structure of Wudang Mountain. There are 36 golden columns in the temple, which are dedicated to the statue of the Jade Emperor. The architectural style and decoration have obvious characteristics of the Ming Dynasty.

In addition, there are 1486 statues of various statues in the Wudang Mountain Palace, inscriptions, Mo Yan inscriptions, 409 passes, 682 pieces of instruments and supplies, and a large number of books, etc., which are also very precious cultural relics.

The natural landscape of the ancient buildings of Wudang Mountain blends with the human landscape, which embodies the essence of ancient Chinese architectural art. The essence of Wudang Taoism, Wudang Daole and Wudang Martial Arts is also derived here, adding new content to the traditional culture of the Chinese nation.

The ‘Wudang Mountain Ancient Buildings Group’ meets the standards of Articles Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅵ of the ‘Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural Heritage and Natural Heritage’.

First, the ancient buildings of Wudang Mountain are distributed in the mountains centered on the main peak Tianzhu Peak. The location of the building pays attention to the choice of environment, paying attention to the mountain-shaped water veins, collecting gas and hiding the wind, and taking into account the uneven spacing of the building units. With a rigorous construction plan, some buildings are magnificent, or small and exquisite, or deep in the mountains, or besides dangerous cliffs, they all pay great attention to complementing the environment, with a strong architectural rhythm, achieving a high degree of harmony between architecture and nature. A masterpiece of architecture with genius creativity.

In line with Standard I: a unique artistic achievement that represents the spirit of human creativity.

Second, the ancient buildings of Wudang Mountain have various types and made of materials, and the design, structure, decoration and furnishings of various buildings, regardless of the wooden structure, the bronze temple, the stone temple, the stone carving, the bronze sculpture, the wood carving, the stone carving, All kinds of statues, such as clay sculptures, have high technical standards and artistic achievements. (In line with Standard II: Over a certain period of time or within a specific cultural area, it has had a huge impact on the development of architecture, monumental art or spatial structure).

Third, the construction of the Wudang Mountain ancient architectural complex was one of the examples of the great revision of the Wenzhi after Emperor Zhu Xi’s acquisition of political power by the martial arts in the early Ming Dynasty. While expanding his diplomacy, he strongly advocated the religious conception of “Heaven and Man” and used the legends of “Prince Taixian” and “Sendai to be enshrined” to promote and inculcate the idea of “the monarchical authority” to consolidate its internal rule. . Therefore, it has significant historical significance and ideological beliefs and other meanings (in accordance with Standard VI: direct or actual connection with events or beliefs with special universal significance).

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